PHR-UK Reports and Publications

(Nov 8th) PHR-UK's "shadow" report to the UN Committee against Torture published
Timed to coincide with the UK’s meeting with the CAT, PHR-UK submitted a shadow report cataloguing concerns about UK compliance with the Convention

Health care in prisons 2004: criticisms
The healthcare section of the PHR-UK shadow report to the Committee on Torture

Human rights within the Hippocratic Oath (2002)
A reinterpretation of the Hippocratic Oath that takes account of scientific and social advances over nearly two and a half millennia, bears comparison with contemporary patient rights as defined in international human rights law

– Hall PL. Human rights within the Hippocratic Oath. Presented at International Federation of Health and Human Rights Organisations annual conference. Amersfoort, 2002

The right to the highest attainable standard of health (2002)
Reflecting universal values, every country in the world is now party to at least one human rights treaty which contain key provisions relevant to the battle towards securing health and prosperity worldwide. The most authoritative treaty dealing with the right to the highest attainable standard of health is the International Covenant of Economic Social and Cultural Rights ratified by 3 in every four countries in the world. Every five years the Committee on Economic Social and Cultural Rights examines each country's observation of the articles within the Covenant

12 lessons from the Rwandan genocide (1999)
12 lessons from the Rwandan genocide, presented by Dr Peter Hall at the inaugural meeting of the Campaign to End Genocide which took place at The Hague Appeal for Peace International Conference on 15th May 1999

Paper presented at 1995 Kigali 5 Day Conference
The International Conference entitled "GENOCIDE, IMPUNITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY: DIALOGUE for a NATIONAL and INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE" took place from Ist to 5th November 1995. The Rwandan goverment involved the international community in its search for solutions to the colossal problems faced by Rwanda in the aftermath of the previous year's genocide. The conference allowed participants from all over the world an opportunity to reflect on the causes, mechanisms and responsibilities in the Rwandese genocide and its social, political and economic consequences. The participants discussed amongst other things strategies to bring perpetrators of genocide to justice and how to care for genocide suvivors. Dr Peter Hall's presentation, which dealt with three related but distinct aspects of survivors experiences, was PHR-UK's contribution to the debate on their care

(1995) Rwanda - the cause of the genocide
A rebuttal of the theory that population growth accounted for the genocide in Rwanda published in the Lancet in 1995 Rwanda. Lancet 1995; 345: 322.

(1994) Genocide in Rwanda
A rebuttal of the claim that the genocide was engendered by ethnic antipathy
BMJ 1994;309:1305 (12 November)

Egypt 1993: democracy neutralised
An investigation into the imposition of guarantees for democracy in professional unions

Prison medicine 1992: what is going wrong (part one)
The conference ‘Medicine within Prisons’ organised by Physicians for Human Rights (UK) took place at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine on the 27th June 1992. There were five speakers and a participating audience which represented a broad spectrum of interest groups - from student nurses to a regional director of public health and from prison warders to the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Prison medicine 1992: what is going wrong (part two)
Part two comprises the third speaker's presentation in the morning session followed by discussion before lunch. After lunch two more speakers gave presentations followed by a final discussion.

(January 14 2005) Timeline to torture
A chronological account of relevant events, starting with the attack on the twin towers in New York on 9/11. This timeline was originally compiled from our files for participants at the Doctors for Human Rights conference on 26th June 2004, entitled “The health and human rights of unlawful detainees in Guantanamo Bay and elsewhere”, and we have tried to maintain it since that time.

Rwanda 1994 - a report of the genocide
Over 100 days in 1994 up to one million men, women and children (children formed one third of the total) were murdered in terrifying circumstances.

Only two human rights organisations travelled to Rwanda to document evidence as it took place - Physicians for Human Rights-UK was one of them. A physician and a psychiatrist from PHR-UK travelled through Rwanda during the genocide. They examined and recorded evidence from witnesses and massacres sites - visiting Byumba in the north, Kigali in the centre, Rwamagana and Gahini in the east, Nyamata in the south and Butare in the south west.

"Those who do not live in Rwanda need to understand where this tragedy came from in order to prevent it from happening in their own country. Others need to understand so that they can help the Rwandan people end the violence."
– Father Modeste Mungwarareba July 1994

Nagorno Karabakh and Armenia 1997

A report of the abduction and torture of ethnic Armenians.
In late 1997 four members of Physicians for Human Rights (UK) travelled to Armenia and Nagorno Karabakh to investigate allegations of hostage taking and torture of ethnic Armenians in Azerbaijan, and to assess the effect of any such experiences on their health. The team comprised a retired general practitioner, a physician/psychoanalyst specialising in torture victims, a physician/psychiatrist and a mental health social worker.

A False Dawn 1997: Palestinian Health and Human Rights Under Siege in the Peace Process.
Palestinian Health and Human Rights Under Siege in the Peace Process - a summary of the 1997 report as submitted to the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in November 1998

Kuwait 1991: rights violations relating to the occupation
Human rights violations and the effects on the health care system during and after the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait.

South Africa 1991 - health care discrimination
An investigation into discrimination in South Africa - apartheid and health care in transition

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